SYSTEMATIC REVIEW


Isolation of Phthalates and Terephthalates from Plant Material – Natural Products or Contaminants?



Thies Thiemann1, *
1 Department of Chemistry, College of Science, United Arab Emirates University, PO Box 15551, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates


© 2021 Thies Thiemann.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Chemistry, College of Science, United Arab Emirates University, PO Box 15551, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; E-mails: thies@uaeu.ac.ae; thiesthiemann@yahoo.de


Abstract

Dialkyl phthalates have been used as plasticizers in polymers for decades. As mobile, small weight molecules, phthalates have entered the environment, where they have become ubiquitous. On the other hand, phthalates continue to be isolated from natural sources, plants, bacteria and fungi as bona fide natural products. Here, doubt remains as to whether the phthalates represent actual natural products or whether they should all be seen as contaminants of anthropogenic origin. The following article will review the material as presented in the literature.

Keywords : Phthalates, Natural product isolation, Contamination, Terephthalates, Pesticides, Agriculture.